A south coast teenager has died from meningococcal which has resulted in a public health alert being issued for the potentially deadly disease.
The 18-year-old from Ulladulla attended the Spilt Milk festival in Canberra on November 26 which has health officials urging people who attended the event to monitor for symptoms of meningococcal disease and to get checked by their GP.
Parents and young people especially have been urged to be alert to symptoms and act immediately if they appear.
Children under five and 15 to 25-year-olds are at the greatest risk of contracting the disease.
NSW Health say babies can receive the Meningococcal B vaccine from six weeks of age and the Meningococcal ACWY vaccine at 12 months.
For more information call the Meningitis Centre Australia on 1800 250 223, your doctor, or in an emergency call triple zero (000).
The Ulladulla teenager’s death marks the third fatality in NSW due to the disease this year.
Meningitis Centre Australia confirmed the girl’s tragic death in a post on their Facebook page.
“An 18-year-old female from the South Coast of NSW who attended the Spilt Milk Festival has sadly passed away from meningococcal,” it read.
“Our thoughts are very much with the family and friends at this time.”
Meningococcal disease is a rare, but serious and sometimes fatal infection.
So far this year, there have been 29 cases of meningococcal disease reported in NSW. The majority of cases have been due to meningococcal B strain of the infection.
While meningococcal disease is now uncommon thanks to vaccination, it can occur year round.
According to NSW Health, increases are seen in late winter and early spring and there has been a slight increase in cases in recent weeks, compared with the same period over the previous five years.
There are different strains of infection, and the disease can occur in people even if they have been vaccinated.
Executive Director of Health Protection NSW, Dr Jeremy McAnulty said early intervention can be lifesaving.
“Meningococcal disease symptoms can appear suddenly and become very serious very quickly. I urge everyone not to discount symptoms when they appear or assume it may be just a mild infection. If you suspect meningococcal disease, don’t wait for the rash – see a doctor immediately,” Dr McAnulty said.
Meningococcal disease can be fatal within hours if left untreated. Knowing the symptoms could help prevent premature death or life-long disability.
-Severe, unexplained limb pain
-Difficulty waking up
-High pitched crying in babies
-Upset by bright lights
-Red-purple rash which doesn’t disappear when pressed with a glass
“While it is a well-known symptom of meningococcal disease, the rash does not always occur, or may present late in the illness,” Dr McAnulty said.
“If symptoms rapidly worsen, or if your child is very unwell, call Triple Zero (000) or go straight to your nearest emergency department.”
NSW Health say vaccination is the best way to protect yourself, your loved ones and community from the harmful effects of meningococcal disease.
Under the National Immunisation Program, meningococcal ACWY (Men ACWY) vaccine is provided free for babies at 12 months, adolescents, and people of all ages with certain medical conditions. In NSW, the adolescent dose is delivered through the school vaccination program in Year 10.
As of 1 July 2020, Aboriginal children up to the age of two years, and people with certain medical conditions, can also access free meningococcal B (Men B) vaccine.
All children from six weeks of age can have the Men B vaccine to reduce the risk of infection.
For more information on vaccination or symptoms, transmission, risks and treatment of Meningococcal, see the NSW Health website.